A legal path to citizenship for Gramma dejongi
Last week the Federal Government’s Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) confirmed that, although the US trade embargo against Cuba expressly forbids the importation of a wide variety of products of Cuban origin, including aquarium fishes, there is no restriction on the distribution of American-born offspring of fishes that were obtained legally through their permitting process. This is great news for so many reasons. It means that preserved specimens can be deposited in museum collections and sent out for molecular analysis without having to jump through any additional legal hoops. It means that public aquaria can display live specimens without the need for a special permit to possess them; and it also means that species impacted by the embargo now have a legal path to make their way into the aquarium trade. If you’ve been following the Gramma dejongi saga, you know that this recently-discovered basslet has never been available in the US, and has only been legally imported once, in 2016. You may also have read that this exquisitely-colored Gramma, considered by many to be the Holy Grail of basslets, has recently been bred in captivity for the first time, at the Suffolk County Community College Marine Science Lab in Riverhead, NY. Although the original six wild-caught specimens must remain here according to the terms of our permit, the offspring produced in their first reproductive season are now free to move about the country. So what is the fate of these little gems? The first few will be donated to a public aquarium as part of a display on sympatric speciation (the evolutionary divergence of species in the absence of a geographic barrier). The others will be handed over to the anonymous underwriter who donated the funding to import the initial broodstock. Presumably, he will release them into the aquarium trade and hopefully, he will get enough of a return on his investment that he will continue to support these kinds of projects. I don’t know what’s more exciting, that Gramma dejongi will finally be available, legally in the US or that my aquaculture students will have the unique opportunity to work with larvae of such an incredibly rare and beautiful fish.
Two of the first Gramma dejongi ever raised in captivity
Todd Gardner is a professor of marine biology at Suffolk County Community College in Riverhead, NY. His life and his career have both been shaped by his passion for marine life and he has written numerous scientific and popular articles about his research and experiences collecting, keeping, and culturing marine organisms. Todd’s professional background includes work on a National Geographic documentary, commercial aquaculture at C-quest Hatchery in Puerto Rico, and an 11-year term at the Long Island Aquarium where he spent much of his time developing techniques for rearing marine fish larvae. To date he has raised more than 50 species. In 2013 Todd received the prestigious Aquarist of the Year Award from the Marine Aquarium Society of North America (MASNA). In his spare time, Todd dives, photographs marine life, runs marathons, and plays in a blues band.